We’ve all heard of the big signs that have always been associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D) such as developing retinopathy, foot ulcers or amputation due to nerve damage, and about the possibility of getting kidney disease. But, there’s one prime complication of diabetes that is mostly overlooked and less-talked about, even today heart failure is a condition in which heart fails to efficiently pump oxygenated blood to the rest of the body. Yes, in people who have T2D the chance of developing heart failure is two to four times more expected than those without diabetes.
The good news is that understanding more about the link between heart failure and diabetes can help you to protect your heart and manage your diabetes, thus preventing the worse outcomes. Let us break-down in detail the connection between heart disease and diabetes, including the leading hypothesis of why diabetes increases heart failure risk, what is heart failure. Also, learn to identify the signs of this often-forgotten complication and practical ways to reduce the risk
The link between diabetes and heart disease starts with high blood sugar levels and eventually leading to other complications. In diabetics, sugar resides in the bloodstream and can also leak out from the liver, eventually damaging the blood vessels and nerves that control your heart. Thus, in diabetics when glucose-levels are uncontrolled or fluctuate frequently, it causes heart complications.
Additionally, diabetes has some common conditions such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, high BMI index that also raise the risk for heart disease.
Heart failure and its signs and symptoms
When your heart muscle weakens to the point where it doesn’t pump enough blood to your body, heart failure occurs.
Heart failure is a slowly developing long term condition, therefore, initially no physical symptoms are observed. However, the inability of heart to pump blood around the body causes fluid to build up in tissues, and over time it leads to:
To reduce your risk for heart disease, make sure to:
Remember, both diabetes and heart failure have a much higher risk of worse health outcomes leading to more emergency room visits, earlier death, and overall poorer quality of life, hence make sure to always adhere to your prescribed medicines and follow-up regularly with your healthcare providers to get the treatment you need to protect your health.
Stay mindful to stay heart healthy!