A chronic disease caused either due to pancreas’ inability to produce enough insulin or when the body is unable to use the insulin (a hormone that works to regulate blood sugar) produced in the body, diabetes contributed to around 1.5 million global deaths in 2019.
While diabetes, commonly known as high blood sugar, is a deadly medical problem in itself, it is also associated with increased risk of other serious complications, including heart diseases. It means diabetes and heart disease are connected as diabetes affects heart in multiple ways. Heart failure, coronary heart disease (CHD), and diabetic cardiomyopathy are a few to name.
Apart from diabetes, some other factors alone or in combination with diabetes can put your heart at risk, including:
Diabetes and heart disease are interrelated, in the sense that diabetes increases heart attack risk. Researchers suggest that people with diabetes have two-times higher risk of developing heart disease than those without diabetes.
Talking about the role of diabetes in causing heart ailments, high blood sugar increases the force of blood through arteries damaging artery walls. Over time, it impairs the functioning of blood vessels and the nerves associated with regulating heart functioning. And the biggest challenge is no symptoms appeared while this high blood sugar was weakening your heart.
Heart failure is one of the major problems that are associated with diabetes or high blood sugar. A serious condition, heart failure is characterized by heart’s inability to pump enough blood. It in turn may lead to swelling in legs and retention of fluid in lungs, causing difficulty in breathing.
High blood sugar may also lead to hardening of the coronary arteries, which is characterized by build-up of cholesterol plaques in the blood vessels involved in supplying oxygen and nutrition to the heart. The blockage of arteries stops the flow of blood, thereby terminating oxygen supply, which may result in a heart attack.
It is important to note here is these classic symptoms of heart attack may not appear in everybody, so it is advisable to go for physical examination at regular intervals, especially if you are overweight, are under consistent stress, have a family history of heart attack, and/or is diabetic.
You can visit Making India Heart Strong website, anytime, for any heart-related testing or treatment for high heart rate or heart stroke treatment.
Having diabetes increases the risk of heart attack and the bigger problem is diabetes is associated with silent heart attacks owing to reasons, including:
Increased Risk of Heart Disease – People with diabetes are more vulnerable to the risk of silent heart attack as higher levels of blood glucose tend to increase cholesterol levels and promote obesity, which in turn puts more stress on the heart.
Autonomic Neuropathy – Another serious side effect of diabetes include nerve damage. In the view that nerves are responsible for controlling different functions of the body including breathing, heart rate and digestion, nerve damage impairs a patient’s ability to experience the painful symptoms associated with heart attack, which may makes heart diseases largely asymptomatic.
People with diabetes are more vulnerable to hardening of the coronary arteries or atherosclerosis, a condition characterized by a cholesterol plaque buildup in the blood vessels, engaged in supplying oxygen and nutrition to the heart.
As the cholesterol plaques rupture of break apart, the body sends platelets to seal it up in an attempt to repair the plaque rupture. But due to small size of artery the platelets end up blocking the flow of blood, thereby restricting the oxygen delivery and cause heart attack.
People with diabetes are more vulnerable to suffer heart attacks than those without diabetes. Here are some effective measures to control heart attack in diabetics.
Diabetic patients have higher risk of several complications, with heart disease being a major one. High blood glucose levels in a diabetic can cause damage to blood vessels, leading to poor blood circulation.
It in turn may lead to nerve damage, a condition referred to as neuropathy, which can cause tingling and pain as well as loss of sensation especially feet and toes. In addition, it can also damage nerves even inside the body, affecting autonomic nerves (called as autonomic neuropathy) that serve respiratory, circulatory, and digestive among other systems without the patient realizing it.
The blood vessels in and around the heart affects patient’s ability to feel the pain, due to which they may not feel the most classic symptom of a heart attack i.e. chest pain.